How To Mic A Vocalist

Common practice for miking a single vocalist is to use a wide-diaphragm condenser mic with a cardioid pickup pattern. The mic is placed approximately 6″ from the singer and slightly above the vocalist’s mouth (see Fig. 128). The distance can be adjusted to alter the tone, moving the mic farther away to reduce bass response and closer to add bass.

common placement for a single vocalist

Some engineers will use a dynamic microphone for certain vocalists or musical styles to get a more direct, punchy sound. Usually a closer mic distance is appropriate in these situations.

This is an excerpt from The Encyclopedia of Home Recording, a complete reference for the home recording studio by Mark Garrison. For more information about this book, please visit