Common practice for miking a single vocalist is to use a wide-diaphragm condenser mic with a cardioid pickup pattern. The mic is placed approximately 6″ from the singer and slightly above the vocalist’s mouth (see Fig. 128). The distance can be adjusted to alter the tone, moving the mic farther away to reduce bass response and closer to add bass.
Some engineers will use a dynamic microphone for certain vocalists or musical styles to get a more direct, punchy sound. Usually a closer mic distance is appropriate in these situations.